But what exactly makes the full-grain special? In this article, we’re going to discuss what exactly full-grain leather is and the pecks of shopping for full-grain leather.
Full-grain leatherFull-grain is deemed the highest quality leather. Full-grain leather is the real deal when it comes to quality. Full-grain is the outermost part of a hide. Full-grain leathers are not sanded or buffed, and so retain its natural shape. Full-grain is the toughest and most durable part of a hide and it’s gotten from the layer just below the hair. The fiber of full-grain leather is tightly interwoven, making it very durable compared to other grades of leather.
As full-grain leather ages, it develops a unique patina which gives it that eccentric look of quality leather. The surface of full-grain leather is unaltered, showing the creases and imperfections of the leather. No two full-grain leather looks the same. This is because the hides are gotten from different animals, with their unique scar and blemishes.
Full-grain leather is very thick, making it difficult for manufacturers to work with. The quality and durability of full-grain leather make it very expensive.
How a full-grain leather is made?The finished product of any full grain leather undergoes three different processes.
- First and foremost, the hide is prepared. How is this done? The hide or skin is subjected to treatment to help preserve it and to stop it from decaying.
- Then it is soaked to clean it and also help rehydrate the skin.
- The hide then goes through a process called liming, which is the removal of hairs from the hide, natural fat, and grease by soaking it in an alkaline solution.
- The hide is then split into different layers, making up the different grades of leather: full-grain leather, top-grain leather, and corrected grain leather.
- The hide is further processed to remove proteins or chemicals used in the previous process.
- The hide then undergoes a process known as slicking, which is the physical removal of fats on the hide.
- The hide is then bleached and pickled so that the pH level of the hide can be reduced for tanning agents to penetrate the hide.
TanningAfter the hide must have been prepared, the hide then undergoes a tanning process. This tanning process prevents the hide from decaying, transforming the rawhide into a stable material that would dry out to an intelligent form.
CrustingOnce the tanning process must have been done, the hide us then crusted. Crusting often involves lubricating and re-tanning of the hide. For those colored hides you see, the coloring is done during the crusting process. It’s crucial to note that not all leather goes through the crusting process, especially those that require surface finishing.
How long does a full grain leather last?Full-grain leather tends to last for a very long time. It lasts at least five times longer than fabrics. With proper care and maintenance, you can be sure that your full-grain leather would last you through a couple of decades.
How to maintain full grain leather?Granted, it’s been established that proper care determines the longevity of your leather. Luckily, full-grain leather isn’t too hard to maintain.
- Always clean your full-grain leather with a damp clean cloth, to remove dirt and dust from staining the surface of the leather.
- Always store your full grain leather in a dust-free environment. Preferably, wrap your full-grain leather product in a dust bag.
- Avoid placing your full-grain leather in direct sunlight or artificial sources of heat, as this would dry up the leather. Remember to store it in a place where it can maintain its essential moisture.
- Ensure to condition your leather, as this would keep the leather soft and supple.
- Whatever cleaning or conditioner products you use, make sure it’s suitable for leather use. Always test these products on a hidden part of the leather bag before use.
Protecting your full-grain leatherCleaning your full-grain leather isn’t enough. For your leather to maintain its eccentric look, you want to make sure you take appropriate measures to protect your leather. One way to do this is by using leather protectants or sealants. You could also use a leather polish, but this is a matter of preference. These leather protectants or polish would help act as a barrier for dirt and greases as well as helping the natural oil and moisture of the leather not to escape.
Another way you can protect your full-grain leather is by waterproofing your leather. Although leather is water-resistant to some extent, it still needs protection from water. Leather cannot be 100% waterproof because of its permeable nature, measures can be taken to help protect it against water. Oiling your full-grain leather or using beeswax is recommended to waterproof your leather. Remember to always spot test any product you might decide to use in an unnoticeable part of your leather.